Design Optimization and Evaluation of Gastric Floating Matrix Tablet of Glipizide
Purpose: To formulate an optimized gastric floating drug delivery system (GFDDS) containing glipizide with carbomers and cellulosic polymers.
Method: Central composite design (CCD) was employed in formulating the GFDDS using hydroxypropyl methylcellulose K4M (HPMC K4M) (A) and Carbopol 934P (CP934P) (B), as independent variables. Floating lag time (FLT), total floating time (TFT) and time required to release 50 % of the drug (T50) were selected as dependent variables. The dissolution data obtained were fitted to various release models and the floating profiles of the formulations analyzed.
Results: HPMC K4M loading clearly enhanced floating properties while CP934P showed negative effect on floating properties but was helpful in controlling drug release. The quadratic mathematical model developed was used to predict optimum formulations. The computer optimization process, contour plots and response surface plots predicted the concentration of independent variables A and B to be 47.32 and 8.4 mg, respectively, for maximum TFT and T50 at the same time for least FLT. Predicted concentration of independent variables showed the same results experimentally, with -0.75 - 1.47 percentage errors.
Conclusion: CCD demonstrated the role of the derived equations, contour plots and response surface plots in predicting the values of independent variables for the preparation and optimization of glipizide gastric floating matrix tablet.
Keywords: Effervescent, Floating tablet, Design of Experiment, Release kinetics, Central composite design, Optimization.