Pattern of Eclampsia in a Tertiary Health Facility Situated in a Semi-Rural Town in Northern Nigeria

  • J Tukur
  • BA Umar
  • A Rabi’u
Keywords: Eclampsia, maternal mortality

Abstract

Background/Objective: To determine the pattern of eclampsia and its contribution to maternal mortality at the Federal Medical Centre, Birnin Kudu, Jigawa State in Northern Nigeria.

Method: A 4-year retrospective review of the case records of all women who presented with eclampsia at the center. All the case records were retrieved from the medical record department and analyzed.
Results: There were 207 cases of eclampsia out of 2197 deliveries during the period giving an incidence of 9.42%. 171(82.6%) of the patients were unbooked. Majority (58.5%) of the patients were aged less
than 20 years. The highest frequency (78.3%) was recorded in the primigravida. Delay before reaching the hospital was established in 116(56%) of patients. The condition was antepartum in 68(32.9%),
intrapartum in 112(54.1%) and postpartum in 27(13%). 107(51.7%) of the patients were delivered by cesarean section. Twenty two (10.6%) of the mothers died. Eclampsia was the commonest cause of
maternal mortality and contributed 43.1% of all maternal deaths. 180(87%) of the babies were delivered alive while 27(13%) died.
Conclusion: Eclampsia is a major cause of maternal mortality. There is need for health education on the need for patients to avail themselves of antenatal care.

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eISSN: 1596-3519