Prescription Pattern at a Secondary Health Care Facility in Ilorin, Nigeria

  • TM Akande
  • MO Ologe
Keywords: Drug prescription, pattern, health facility

Abstract

Background/Objectives: Expenditures due to irrational use of drugs have been a strain on the meagre health budgets of several developing countries and inappropriate prescribing has been identified in many
health facilities in developing countries. This study examines the prescription pattern in a secondary
health facility.
Method: A descriptive cross-sectional survey was used in this study. Three hundred and three randomly selected prescriptions issued to patients attending out-patients' clinics in the facility over a period of three
months were examined. Data obtained was analyzed using EPI-INFO 2000 computer software.
Results: Mean number of drugs per prescription in the health facility is 3.99 ± 1.55. At least 4 drugs were prescribed in 61.6% of the prescriptions. Generic prescribing was generally low. Out of a total of 1219
drugs prescribed 511 (41.9%) were prescribed in generic names. Analgesics, antimalarials, antibiotics and antihypertensives accounted for 19.7%, 10.2%, 13.0% and 4.9% of the drugs prescribed respectively.
Only 124 (40.9%) of the prescriptions had all drugs prescribed available in the health facility.
Conclusion: This study found practice of polypharmacy prevalent as found in other studies in developing countries among prescribers and prescription in generic names is low. Regular orientation and re-orientation of prescribers on rational drug prescription and prescription in generic names in conformity with national drug policies is necessary.
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eISSN: 1596-3519