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Annals of African Surgery

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Plummer-Vinson Syndrome with Improvement After Iron Repletion

Valerian Mwenda, Jackson Njuguna, Ancent Nzioka

Abstract


Plummer-Vinson Syndrome (PVS) is a rare disorder characterized by upper esophageal webs and iron deficiency anemia and is even more uncommon among people of African descent. We report a case of this syndrome in a middle-aged black woman, which improved on iron-repletion therapy alone. The patient presented with long-standing dysphagia and symptomatic anemia. Gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed an upper esophageal web arising from the anterior wall. She was started on iron therapy daily and after 2 months both the dysphagia and anemia had improved significantly. Therefore, though this is a relatively rare condition in Africa, it still warrants being part of the differential diagnosis for dysphagia especially in the setting of anemia.

Keywords: Plummer-Vinson Syndrome, Anemia, Dysphagia, Endoscopy




http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/aas.v13i2.11
AJOL African Journals Online