Medical laboratory robotics: The positive and negative implications in developing countries
Medical robotics refers to the use of a robot in the practice of medical sciences. Its usage in Medical Laboratory Science is of paramount concern, which particularly relates to the use of a robot for medical laboratory analyses. This paper is aimed at highlighting the positive and negative implications of medical robotics with asignificant emphasis on medical laboratory practices in a developing country using the Nigerian context as a case study. Other objectives will enlighten readers on the current application of robotics in medical laboratory science practices. A systematic review ofliterature using the keywords: robotics, laboratory robotics, medical robotics, and bio-robotics were employed in this study. Most medical laboratory robots are commonly called auto-samplers,and their primary task is to provide continuous samples for analytical devices. Telepathology and Lab vision auto-stainer 480S-2D and 360-2D are roboticsusedin immunohistochemistry laboratory.It has so far increased throughput, allows for unprecedented control and precision, eliminates menial task that is highly repetitive, and at the same time, reducing theworkforce. Typical limitations of power and electricity, training, sponsorship and funding havebeen identified. Poor technical know-how, inadequate funding, technological advancement and the fear of low job availability are vital factors that have reduced the application of medical laboratory robotics in developingworld. In conclusion, reduced appreciation of medical laboratory robotics has been due to little understanding of the advantages, inadequate understanding of how to tackle the disadvantages and how to control the negative implications.Westrongly advocate for adequate measures to combat problems associated with the robotic usage in developing societies.