Effective isolation distance for prevention of cassava virus infections in Uganda

  • F. Kasule
  • P. Wasswa
  • S.B. Mukasa
  • A. Okiror
  • A.W. Mwang’ombe
Keywords: Cassava brown streak disease, cassava mosaic disease

Abstract

Cassava brown streak disease (CBSD) and cassava mosaic disease (CMD) are the major viral diseases of cassava in Uganda. Although isolation distance of “50 m” has been recommended by MAAIF in Uganda for prevention of virus infections in crops, the minimum isolation distance has not been verified for effectiveness in cassava. This study assessed the effective isolation distance for management of viral diseases in cassava. Virus-clean cassava cultivars (NASE 03, NASE 14 and NAROCASS 1) from farmers’ fields were used as field sourced (FS) planting materials. Tissue culture (TC) material of the same cultivars were sourced from the National Crops Resources Research Institute and Makerere University Agricultural Research Institute tissue culture laboratories. Both FS and TC materials were tested at isolation distances of 50, 100, 150 and 250 m for virus prevention. The experiment was laid out in a randomised complete block design and was run for 12 months after planting (MAP). Mean CBSD/CMD prevalence significantly varied (P<0.05) among isolation distances in both FS and TC plants, and the 250 m isolation distance was the most effective in reducing disease prevalence. Across cultivars and planting material category at 12 MAP, the 50 m isolation distance had the highest foliar incidence for CBSD (29.2%) and CMD (16.1%); while severity for CBSD was 1.4 and 1.2 for CMD. At 250 m, all FS and TC plants had CBSD/CMD severity of 1.0 and 0% incidence. These results show that 250 m isolation distance can provide an option to disseminate popular, but CBSD/CMD susceptible cassava cultivars thereby manage CBSD/CMD.

 

Published
2020-10-02

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 2072-6589
print ISSN: 1021-9730