Mechanical transmission and survival of bacterial wilt on enset
AbstractThe transmission of enset bacterial wilt with contaminated knives and the survival of the causal agent in soil and enset plant debris was studied at the Awassa Agricultural Research Center, Awassa, Ethiopia. Contaminated
knives were found to transmit the pathogen from infected to healthy plants. Disease symptoms were recorded within 15 and 21 days after inoculation on plants inoculated at 6 and 12 months after transplanting, respectively.
Enset plants inoculated at 24 and 36 months after transplanting showed initial wilt symptoms 30 days after inoculation. Xanthomonas campestris pv. musacearum (Xcm) isolates were observed to survive in the soil up to
9 days. Thereafter the bacteria population reduced to a level that could not initiate infection. Xcm was also observed to survive in pruned leaf petioles and leaf sheaths for at least 3 months.