Adult and Non-Formal Education: An Imperative for Human Capacity Development and Attainment of Sustainable Livelihoods in Anambra State
This study examined the imperatives of adult and non-formal education (ANFE) as a potent factor for human capacity development and attainment of sustainable livelihoods in Anambra State. For this purpose, the study sought to find out using three research questions formulated to investigate and examine the following: importance of ANFE for human capacity development and towards attaining sustainable livelihoods and (ANFE) programmes that boost socio-economic, culturaland political activities in Anambra State. The study being a survey research, adopted the descriptive survey design in order to collect data. A systematic random sampling procedure was employed in the study. 840 participants from various ANFE programmes within the six zonal areas in Anambra State were sampled from a total population of 46, 160 participants. A questionnaire titled: “Participants Responses on Imperatives of Adult and Non-Formal Education for Human Capacity Development and Sustainable Livelihoods Questionnaire”, (PRIANFEHCDSLQ) containing 26 items of two sections and drawn on a 2-point scale of yes and no options was used by the researchers to conduct the study and collect information from the respondents. Validity of the research instrument was carried out by two experts and reliability established using the split half which yielded a coefficient value of 0.83 using the Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient. Data was analyzed using frequency distribution and percentages. The results of the findings of the study revealed that adult and non-formal education is not only an imperative for human capacity development but also played a great role amongst the disadvantaged and marginalized groups in the society. From the findings of the study, recommendations were proffered and among such included: adequate funding and financing of adult and non-formal education (ANFE) for human capacity development which will aid citizens to achieve sustainable livelihoods not only in Anambra State but Nigeria as a whole.