Antimicrobial cotton textiles by finishing with extracts of an Ethiopian plant (Solanum incanum) fruit
The use of natural fruits that are non-toxic, non-allergic and eco-friendly on textile as antimicrobial has become a matter of significant importance, may be, as a result of increased environmental awareness and because they prevent some hazardous synthetic antimicrobial. Antimicrobial finishing treatment on cotton textile fabric was carried out using extracts from natural plant Solanum Incanum fruit. The active substance was extracted from fruit by using Soxhlet apparatus and applied on the fabric in different concentrations viz. 15, 20, 25 and 30g/l. The antimicrobial activity of the treated fabric was assessed by Disc Diffusion (SN 195 920) method. High zone of inhibition obtained from 30g/l concentration. The durability of the finish product after five wash for zone of inhibition of fabric was also studied and found to be good. The aim of the present work is imparting antimicrobial finish on cotton by using natural fruit extract to fabric and to reduce the effect of microorganism on human body and a fabric.
Keywords: Antimicrobial, Solanum Incanum, Disc Diffusion, zone of inhibition, durability of finish
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