Seroprevalence of HBV and HIV co-infection in children and outcomes following highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in Uyo, South-South Nigeria

  • EE Ikpeme
  • OM Etukudo
  • UE Ekrikpo

Abstract

Background: Human Immunodeficiency Virus/ Hepatitis B Virus (HIV/HBV) co-infection in Nigerian children has emerged as a major concern with the advent of HAART. Its impact on the immune system and liver has not been extensively studied in children.
Objectives: To determine the prevalence of HBV seropositivity among HIV positive children on HAART and its effect on immune response and liver enzymes.
Methods: All consecutive HIV positive children aged two months to seventeen years on HAART constituted the study population. Age and gender; CD4+ count, ALT, creatinine and HBsAg were tested and documented at enrolment and 12months.
Results: One hundred and seventy one patients were seen over this period. Seventy-two (43.4%) were males while 94 (56.6%) were females giving a male: female ratio of 1:1.3. The mean age of the patients was 63±43.4 months. Prevalence of HIV/HBV co-infection was 6.02% (95% CI 2.4-9.7). There was no significant effect of HBV status on elevation of ALT levels with 12 months of HAART. Co-infected patients had an odds ratio of achieving immune response of 0.14 (95% CI 0.02-0.79).
Conclusion: HIV/HBV co-infection rates in our children are comparable to other localities. ALT levels do not worsen with HAART and immune response of the co-infected children on HAART is lower.

African Health Sciences 2013; 13(4): 955 - 961

Author Biographies

EE Ikpeme
Department of Paediatrics, University of Uyo Teaching Hospital –PMB 1136 Uyo Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
OM Etukudo
Department of Paediatrics, University of Uyo Teaching Hospital –PMB 1136 Uyo Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
UE Ekrikpo
Department of Internal Medicine University of Uyo Teaching Hospital, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
Published
2014-01-29
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1680-6905