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African Health Sciences

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The pattern and challenges of infertility management in Lagos, Nigeria

O Adegbola, MO Akindele

Abstract


Background: Infertility remains a threat to successful reproduction by couples desirous of pregnancy.
Objective: To determine the pattern of infertility cases amongst infertile couples seeking care in Lagos University Teaching Hospital as well as challenges in their management.
Methods: A review of the management of couples referred for infertility to the gynaecological outpatient clinic of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH), Nigeria from 1st January 2005 to 31st December 2006.
Results: The incidence of infertility was found to be 26.8% of the gynaecological consultations with a mean duration of infertility of 4.3 ± 3.4 years. The mean age of the women was 33.8 ± 5.2 years and 66.1% were nulliparous. Secondary infertility accounted for 80% of cases. Male factors only was the cause in 11.1%, female factor only in 37.8%, both male and female factors in 40% while no cause was identifiable in 11.1%. There was no association between tubal occlusion and a history of induced abortion in this study (p >0.05). There was a high rate of discontinuation of care by their large numbers lost to follow up.
Conclusion: Infertility is still a public health problem in Lagos, Nigeria.

Keywords: Infertility pattern: causes, incidence, outcome and challenges in care

African Health Sciences 2013; 13(4): 1126 - 1129



http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v13i4.37
AJOL African Journals Online