Sonographic Determination of Spleen to Left Kidney Ratio among Igbo School age Children of South east, Nigeria

  • CU Eze
  • KK Agwu
  • DN Ezeasor
  • KK Agwuna
  • AE Aronu

Abstract

Background: Clinical determination of mild splenomegaly is notoriously inaccurate. Objectives: To determine sonographically the spleen to left kidney ratio according to age and somatometric parameters among school age children in a tropical environment. Methods: A cross sectional study and convenience sampling were done on 947 apparently healthy subjects (496 boys and 451 girls) aged 6 - 17 years at University of Nigeria Medical centre, Nsukka. The sonographic examination was performed on Shenzhen DP-1100 machine with 3.5 and 5 MHz convex transducers. Spleen and left kidney lengths were obtained using appropriate techniques. The weight and height of the subjects were obtained with the participants wearing light weight street clothes without shoes. Results: Measurement of spleen and left kidney lengths were reliable within and between sonographers. The spleen and left kidney lengths were not statistically different in boys and girls (p > 0.05). The spleen to left kidney ratio according to age and somatometric parameters is constant at about 1.13 with 1.3 as the upper limit of normal in the studied population. Conclusion: Sonography can be used to detect mild splenomegaly if the spleen to left kidney ratio is greater than 1.3 in the absence of renal disease among school age children.

Keywords: Ultrasound; measurements; spleen size; school age children

African Health sciences Vol 14 No. 1 March 2014

Author Biographies

CU Eze
Department of Medical Radiography and Radiological Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences and Technology, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu State, Nigeria
KK Agwu
Department of Medical Radiography and Radiological Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences and Technology, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu State, Nigeria
DN Ezeasor
Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Nigeria, Nsukka Campus, Enugu State, Nigeria
KK Agwuna
Department of Radiation Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituk- Ozalla, Enugu, Enugu State, Nigeria
AE Aronu
Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituk- Ozalla, Enugu, Enugu State, Nigeria
Published
2014-03-12
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1680-6905