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Effect of individualized diabetes education for type 2 diabetes mellitus: a single-center randomized clinical trial

Min-Hua Fan, Bing-Tong Huang, Ying-Chun Tang, Xiu-Hua Han, Wei-Wei Dong, Le-Xin Wang

Abstract


Background: To evaluate the effect of individualized education for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Methods: A total of 280 patients (158 males, mean age 63 ± 10 years) with T2DM were randomly divided into study and control group. Eysenck Personality questionnaire was used to assess the personality of the patients in the study group, which was provided us one-on-one counseling and individualized management plan. Group education was provided to the control group.

Results: At the end of the study, the body mass index (21.5±2.5 vs 23.6±1.6 kg/m2, P =0.002), waist circumference (83.7±6.4 vs 85.7±7.7 cm, P =0.03), fasting blood glucose (6.0±0.8 vs 6.9±2.1 mmol/L, P =0.004), HbA1c (6.2±0.6% vs 6.9±3.1%, P =0.03), systolic blood pressure (130.1±8.8 vs 135.1±8.4 mmHg, P =0.003),triglyceride (1.21±0.66 vs 1.46±0.58 mmol/L) and low-density lipoprotein (2.36±0.44 vs 2.84±0.64 mmol/L, P =0.03) in the study group was lower than in the control group.

Conclusion: Individualized diabetes education is more effective than group education in facilitating the control of type 2 diabetes.

Keywords: Individualization; type 2 diabetes; health education; blood glucose; blood pressure




http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v16i4.34
AJOL African Journals Online