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Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis in Beira, Mozambique

Damiano Pizzol, Francesco Di Gennaro, Kajal D. Chhaganlal, Claudia Fabrizio, Laura Monno, Giovanni Putoto, Annalisa Saracino

Abstract


Introduction: Data regarding the association between diabetes mellitus (DM) and tuberculosis (TB) in Africa are scarce. DM screening among TB patients in Mozambique was carried out.

Methods: The study was implemented from January to August 2016 in three Urban Health Centers in Beira, Mozambique and recruited adult (>18 years) patients newly diagnosed with pulmonary TB.

Results: Three hundred and one patients were enrolled (67.4%, males mean age 31.7(SD 11 years). Diabetes was diagnosed in only 3 patients (1%) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) in an additional 6 subjects (2%).

Conclusion: A lower than expected prevalence of DM was observed, which could be explained by the lack of traditional risk factors for DM (overweight, age over 45 years, hypertension and smoking) in Mozambique.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, pulmonary tuberculosis, Beira, Mozambique




http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v17i3.20
AJOL African Journals Online