Pattern of domestic violence from 2011 to 2015 in Beira, Mozambique
Background: Violence against women represents a violation of a fundamental human right and is a significant cause of death and disability worldwide. In developing countries, this issue is particularly dramatic and in sub-Saharan Africa were reached 65% of women reporting domestic violence.
Objective: In this study, we assessed the burden and pattern of domestic violence registered at Beira Central Hospital, Mozam- bique from 2011 to 2015.
Methods: We performed a descriptive analysis of data collected at the CHB Legal Medicine Service.
Results: In five years, are recorded a total amount of 1,491 admissions for domestic violence of which 1307 were females. About 80% of all female cases are represented by the 11-40 age range and, in almost 90% the aggressor was the current or past partner. More than 75% were cases of repeated violence and in more than 60% there were minors attending the phenomenon.
Conclusion: It is crucial to act immediately and with a multi-disciplinary approach in order to fight domestic violence, especially against women due to its dramatic consequences as isolation, inability to work, loss of wages, lack of participation in regular activities and limited ability to care for themselves and their children.
Keywords: Domestic violence, violence against women, sexual violence, physical violence.