African Health Sciences

Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

Remember me or Register

Impact of oral contraceptives on periodontal health

Sharma Prachi, Solanki Jitender, Choudhary Rahul, Khetan Jitendra, Mishra Priyanka, Shah Disha


Background: Oral contraceptives pills (OCPs) are common and a convenient form of contraception. The use of hormonal contraceptives by women has been considered to influence gingival and periodontal disease progression.

Aim: This study was conducted to assess the effect of oral contraceptive pills on the periodontal health.

Materials and method: A cross-sectional comparative study was conducted among 200 females aged 18 years and above of Jaipur city. The study subjects were divided into two groups i.e. contraceptive users and non-contraceptive users, each group consisted 100 females. Data was collected using Modified WHO Performa (1997). Periodontal status was examined using Com- munity Periodontal Index (CPI) and Loss of Attachment (LOA). Chi-square test and one sample t-test was used for statistical analysis and P value was set (p< 0.05) as significant.

Results: Mean CPI score in subjects and non-contraceptive users was 2.34+ 0.81 and 1.16+ 0.89 respectively. Mean LOA score in each group was 0.28+ 0.45 and 0.19+ 0.50 respectively.

Conclusion: Oral Contraceptive pills had adverse effects on periodontal health.

Keywords: Oral contraceptive, community periodontal index, loss of attachment, periodontal health
AJOL African Journals Online