African Health Sciences

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Maternal mortality trends at the Princess Marina and Nyangabwe referral hospitals in Botswana

Ludo Nkhwalume, Yohana Mashalla


Background: Despite the fact that about 94% of pregnant women attend ANC, 95% deliver at health facilities and 99% deliveries are assisted by skilled birth attendants in Botswana, the national Maternal Mortality Rate is still high.
Objectives: To determine the trend of MMR at Princess Marina and Nyangabwe referral hospitals before and after EMOC training.
Methods: Retrospective longitudinal quantitative study design was used to collect data on maternal deaths. Demographic characteristics, maternal death causes, gestation at ANC registration and pregnancy risks were collected for the period before EMOC training and after training, analysed and compared. Descriptive statistics and frequency tables were used.
Findings: Maternal deaths were 33 and 41 before and after EMOC training respectively. Majority of the maternal deaths, 78.8% and 70.7% before and after EMOC training respectively occurred among young women in the reproductive ages. Eclampsia was
the commonest cause of maternal death before EMOC between training & and 58% and 66% of maternal deaths before and after EMOC training respectively occurred among women who had attended ANC services four or more times.
Conclusion: Maternal deaths at the hospitals remained similar during the two periods. Qualitative studies are needed to determine why EMOC training has not resulted in significant reduction in MMR in Botswana.

Keywords: Maternal mortality trends, princess Marina, Nyangabwe referral hospitals, Botswana.
AJOL African Journals Online