Prevalence and factors associated with hypertension among rural community dwellers in a local government area, South West Nigeria

  • Owigho P Opreh
  • Temitope O Olajubu
  • Kunmi J Akarakiri
  • Vojtech Ligenza
  • John T Amos
  • Adebanke V Adeyeye
  • Olufunke Z Oyelade
  • Funmilayo C Oyewole
Keywords: Prevalence; hypertension; rural; community; Nigeria.

Abstract

Background: Many African countries including Nigeria are said to be at various stages of an epidemiological transition from communicable to non-communicable diseases (NCD).

Objective: This study determined the current pattern and correlates of hypertension among adults in some rural commu- nities in South West Nigeria.

Methods: It was a descriptive cross-sectional study of 1012 individuals across 16 rural communities. The respondents’ blood pressure, weight, height and waist circumference were measured. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were done.

Results: Among the participants, 461 (45.6%) had hypertension out of whom 217 (47.1%) and 244 (52.9%) had stage 1 and stage 2 hypertension respectively. The systolic, diastolic and mean arterial blood pressures increased with age. The significant predictors of hypertension were; increasing age (p<0.001), higher waist circumference (p = 0.01) and overweight / obesity (p = 0.03). While systolic blood pressure (SBP) had the strongest correlation with age, waist circumference (WC) was the strongest correlate of diastolic blood pressure (DBP).

Conclusion: Despite being a rural population, there was a high prevalence of hypertension in the study area.

Keywords: Prevalence; hypertension; rural; community; Nigeria.

Published
2021-04-16
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 1680-6905