Isolated acute pseudobulbar palsy with infarction of artery of percheron: case report and literature review

  • Jamir Pitton Rissardo
  • Ana Fornari Caprara
Keywords: Pseudobulbar palsy; thalamus; infarction.

Abstract

Introduction: Pseudobulbar palsy (PBP) is characterized by supranuclear lesions in the corticobulbar pathway. Neoplasia, inflammatory, demyelinating, and stroke are possible etiologies of this disorder.

Case report: We report an elderly female who presented with dysarthria. She was dysarthric with a hypernasal voice, no apraxia or aphasia was observed. Tongue movements were slow with limited amplitude. Her soft palate dropped bilaterally; gag reflex was present. Also, she reported swallowing difficulty and choking with her saliva. Bilateral vertical and horizontal gaze were intact to either voluntary or oculocephalic movements. A cranial CT scan was suggestive of artery of Percheron (AOP) infarction. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed hypersignal on diffusion-weighted and T2-weighted images and hyposignal on apparent diffusion coefficient in both thalami. CT angiography scan revealed an AOP originating from the left posterior cerebral artery. The swallowing study with a videofluoroscopic demonstrated oral and pharyngeal phases with severe dysfunction.

Conclusion: To the authors’ knowledge, there are two cases of individuals with artery of Percheron infarction who devel- oped PBP associated with other clinical syndromes. Still, isolated PBP following infarction of Percheron’s artery was not reported. We hypothesized that the PBP may have occurred because of the existence of vascular territory variations in the perforating arteries that arise from the AOP.

Keywords: Pseudobulbar palsy; thalamus; infarction.

Published
2021-04-16
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 1680-6905