Physiotherapy management of a rare variant of Guillain Barre Syndrome, acute motor and sensory axonal neuropathy (AMSAN) along with COVID-19 in a 35-year-old male –a case report
Introduction: COVID-19 emerged as a novel pandemic with serious illness. Acute motor and sensory axonal neuropathy, a Guillain-Barré syndrome variant also results in ventilator support, and bed-ridden state. Presence of COVID-19 along with GBS will cause serious complications if left untreated.
Objective: To report the effect of physiotherapy in acute motor and sensory axonal neuropathy along with COVID-19 in Intensive care unit.
Case description: A 35-year-old-male with AMSAN, alcoholic hepatitis, and hyponatremia, came with paraparesis, ventilated due to poor oxygen saturation, diagnosed to have COVID-19, reduced muscle power in right wrist extensors, hand grip and diaphragm.
Method: 30 minutes physiotherapy session, thrice a day for a period of 4 weeks. The vital signs were taken as a primary outcome measure. Medical Research Council muscle power grading and Hughes functional grading scale were taken as secondary outcomes. All the outcome measures were assessed for 4 weeks.
Results: The 4 weeks of physiotherapy program show significant improvements on health status, muscle power, and functional status of an AMSAN patient with COVID 19.
Conclusion: From the results, it can be concluded that physiotherapy will be beneficial in AMSAN patients with COVID-19 in Intensive care units and further studies have to declare evidence-based practice.
Keywords: Acute motor-sensory axonal neuropathy; Intensive care unit; COVID-19; Gullian Barre syndrome.
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