Factors affecting 90-day mortality in community and hospital acquired pneumonia patients with or without acute kidney injury

  • Derya Hoşgün
  • Semih Aydemir
Keywords: Community Acquired Pneumonia; Hospital Acguired Pneumonia; Acute Kidney İnjury.

Abstract

Background: AKI is a significant risk factor for mortality. Inflammatory markers are commonly used in the prediction of prognosis in pneumonia patients. The present study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of AKI in hospitalized CAP and HAP patients and to investigate the role of inexpensive, practical, routinely measured serum biomarkers in predicting 90-day mortality.

Materials and Methods: The retrospective study included 381 patients in CAP patients and HAP patients who were hospitalized in our Chest Diseases clinic or ICU.

Results: Ninety-day mortality occurred in 115 (30.2%) patients (CAP, 28.7%; HAP, 34.7%). AKI was detected in 25.5% of the patients. On multivariate logistic regression analysis, the 90-day mortality risk was 0.931, 1.05, 0.607, and 1.999 times greater in patients with an increased APACHE II score and increased WBC, 1-h creatinine, and 48-h creatinine levels, respectively. In CAP patients, the 90-day mortality risk was 0.296, 0.539, and 1.966 times greater in patients with an increased CURB-65 score and elevated 1-h and 48-h creatinine levels, respectively. In HAP patients, however, the 90-day mortality risk was 3.554 times greater
in patients with an increased 48-h creatinine level.

Conclusion: Novel practical scoring systems based on serum creatinine levels are needed for the prediction of long-term prognosis in pneumonia patients.

Keywords: Community Acquired Pneumonia; Hospital Acguired Pneumonia; Acute Kidney İnjury.

Published
2022-10-28
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1729-0503
print ISSN: 1680-6905