Main Article Content

Cervical cancer awareness and risk factors among women residing in an urban slum in Lagos, Southwest Nigeria

Tope Olubodun
Oluwatoyin O Ogundele
Zainab A Salisu
Yetunde O Odusolu
Ugonnaya U Caleb-Ugwuowo


Background: Poor awareness of cervical cancer and high prevalence of its risk factors may be responsible for the large burden
of cervical cancer in low-income countries. This study assessed awareness of cervical cancer and prevalence of risk factors
among women residing in a slum in Lagos, Nigeria.

Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study carried out amongst 305 women of reproductive age (15-49 years) in
Idi-Araba, a slum in Urban Lagos. Data were collected using interviewer administered questionnaires. Analysis was done with
SPSS 20 software.

Results: Mean age of respondents was 33.5(9.0) years. Only 12.8% of the respondents had heard of cervical cancer. Ninety-five
percent of respondents were sexually active and 56.2% had more than one lifetime sexual partner. Close to half (47.3%) of
respondents had their first sexual intercourse before the age of 20. One in five (22.2%) had 5 or more children. Half of the
respondents (54.8%) had had abnormal vaginal discharge.

Conclusion: Awareness of cervical cancer among the women was poor and prevalence of risk factors of cervical cancer was
high. Campaigns aimed at increasing awareness of cervical cancer, and screening should be carried out by governmental and
charitable organizations for women residing in slums.

Keywords: Cervical cancer; awareness; risk factors; slum; Nigeria.

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 1729-0503
print ISSN: 1680-6905