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Objective: To explore the application value of high-frequency ultrasound combined with ultrasonography in the diagnosis of neonatal esophageal atresia (EA)
Methods: Seventy neonates with suspected EA who received healing in our hospital from August 2019 to April 2022 were retrospectively selected as the study subjects and their preoperative esophageal high-frequency ultrasound and ultrasound hydrography data were analysed. The diagnostic value of high-frequency ultrasound, ultrasound hydrography and combined detection in neonatal EA was analysed using intraoperative findings as the gold standard;
Results: (1) Among the 70 children with suspected EA, 62 were confirmed to be positive and 8 were negative; 59 were positive and 11 were negative by ultrasound hydrography alone; 61 were positive and 9 were negative by high-frequency ultrasound alone; 62 were positive and 8 were negative by combined detection.
(2) The accuracy of combined detection was 97.14%, which was notably different from 92.86% by high-frequency ultrasound and 84.29% by ultrasound hydrography (P < 0.05).
(3) The diagnostic AUC of ultrasound hydrography, high-frequency ultrasound, and combined detection for EA was 0.6125, 0.6500, and 0.6563, respectively (P < 0.05).
(4) There was no significant variation in the distance between preoperative high-frequency ultrasound, ultrasound hydrography, and intraoperative measurements of distal and proximal blind ends of type IIIA and IIIB EA esophagus (P > 0.05);
Conclusion: High frequency ultrasound and super fresh water injection angiography have good application value in the diagnosis of neonatal EA. There is no significant difference between the distance between the distal and proximal blind ends of the esophagus before and during the operation of type III EA and that during the operation of super fresh water injection angiography. However, in consideration of the risk of radiation and poisoning caused by esophagography, it is recommended that high-frequency ultrasound be selected first for diagnosis and if necessary, esophagography be supplemented for joint diagnosis.
Keywords: High frequency ultrasound; Ultrasound angiography; Neonatal esophageal atresia; Application value.