Main Article Content
Background: To investigate the expression of Th17, T lymphocyte immunoglobulin mucin 3 (TIM-3+) cells and their related
cytokines in atrial fibrillation (AF) and their clinical significance.
Methodology: A total of 90 patients with AF were divided into paroxysmal group (n=45) and chronic group (n=45), and 45
healthy volunteers were selected as the control group. The proportion of Th17 cells and Tim-3 + cells in the peripheral blood
were detected. The concentrations of related cytokines in peripheral blood serum were determined. The correlation between
Th17 / Tim-3+ cells and related cytokines was analysed.
Results: Compared with the control group, the proportion of Th17 cells and the concentration of related cytokines (IL-17, IL-6
and Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP9)) in peripheral blood of patients with paroxysmal and chronic AF increased significantly,
while the proportion of tim3 + cells and the concentration of related cytokines decreased significantly. Compared with the
paroxysmal group, the proportion of Th17 cells and the concentration of related cytokines in the peripheral blood of patients
in the chronic group increased significantly, while the proportion of tim3 + cells and the concentration of related cytokines
Conclusion: Th17 / Tim-3 + cell balance is involved in AF, and can be used as a target for AF treatment.
Keywords: Atrial fibrillation; Th17 cells; Tim-3; Cytokines; IL-17; Gal-9.