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Objective: To analyse the risk factors of secondary hemorrhage and survival rate in cirrhotic patients with esophagogastric variceal
rupture and to compare the efficacy and safety of endoscopic hemostasis and TIPS (transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic
Methods: A total of 120 patients with secondary bleeding after endoscopic treatment of esophagogastric varicose bleeding with
cirrhosis in our hospital during the past 3 years were retrospectively analysed. There were 65 males and 55 females, ranging in
age from 49 to 74 years old, with an average of (59.5 ± 8.4) years old. The etiology, degree of varicose veins, bleeding location,
hemostasis method, Infection, ascites, portal vein thrombosis or cancer thrombus, albumin, platelets, prothrombin activity, Child
Pugh (Child-Pugh classification is a diagnostic criterion for liver reserve function) grade were compared in each group. The risk
factors of treatment failure and analyse the survival time was analysed.
Results: There were statistically significant differences in varicosis degree, infection, ascites, portal vein thrombosis or cancer
thrombus, child Pugh grade, albumin and prothrombin activity between the failed Endoscopy group and the successful hemostasis
group (P< 0.05). There were statistically significant differences in child Pugh grade, albumin and prothrombin activity between
the failed TIPS treatment group and successful hemostasis group (P< 0.05). There was no significant difference in 1-year
survival between the endoscopy group and the TIPS group.
Conclusion: Severe varicose veins, infection, ascites, portal vein thrombosis or cancer thrombus, child pugh classification, albumin,
and prothrombin activity were the major risk factors for failed secondary endoscopic therapy, child Pugh classification,
albumin and prothrombin activity were the main risk factors for failure TIPS treatment. There is no significant difference in
long-term survival between the two methods.
Keywords: Liver cirrhosis; esophagogastric varicose bleeding; Endoscopy; TIPS.