Of International Actors, Nodal Governance and the African Peer Review Mechanism
Based on the recent political unrest in Kenya, I argue that one way in which the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) can improve governance in Africa and indeed see through the implementation of its review recommendations is to form networks with other international actors. These networks will be constituted by actors with suffi cient coercive power to bring up compliance. As currently constituted the APRM has no leverage that it can exert against African countries, be it political or economic, to bring about compliance. The answers to this weakness are forming networks with other organizations and states that have suffi cient negotiating, bargaining and ultimately coercive weight against African countries. To be effective these networks must operate and be organized in a coordinated fashion rather than an ad hoc one. The nodal pyramid suggested in this article is one way in which this coordination or organization can be achieved.
Africa Insight Vol. 37 (4) 2008 pp. 98-107