Levels and determinants of HIV testing uptake among Ghanaian men
The uptake of HIV testing has always been found to be lower among men compared with women in many developing countries. The aim of this study was to ascertain the level and determinants of HIV testing uptake among men aged 15 to 59 in Ghana. This article was based on data from the 2003, 2008 and 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Surveys. A bivariate statistical method was used to calculate the levels of uptake while three logit models were fitted to estimate the determinants of HIV uptake among the respondents. The total levels of the uptake of HIV testing among the respondents were 9.1%, 14.7% and 22.7% for 2003, 2008 and 2014, respectively; 15% overall. These were significantly determined by age, educational attainment, religious affiliation, wealth and work status, region of residence and media exposure. HIV testing uptake is very low among men in Ghana, albeit it has seen consistent improvements over the past years. Specially tailored HIV education and prevention programmes should be targeted at men in areas of low uptake, based on their different characteristics, in order to increase uptake.
Keywords: Ghana, media exposure, predictors, sexual behaviour, sociodemographic, stigmatisation