Correlates of sexual faithfulness among low-literate rural males in the Amhara Region of Ethiopia

  • Gebeyehu W Bogale
  • Henk Boer
  • Erwin Seydel

Abstract

HIV is a major threat to the people of the rural Amhara Region, northwest Ethiopia. To date, numerous studies have focused on condom use for HIV prevention. Using the theory of planned behaviour, this study investigates the psychosocial determinants of intended sexual faithfulness among rural males in the Amhara Region. In February 2008, we conducted a cross-sectional study with  100 males, with an age range of 20–50 years (mean age 38 years), in Dejen Woreda. The participants were illiterate or had a low level of literacy and all were rural farmers. Consequently, 10 literate male data collectors were recruited from the same community to assist in collecting data by means of a structured questionnaire. In the analysis of social cognitions as determinants of sexual faithfulness, attitude to faithfulness emerged as the best predictor of intended  faithfulness, with significant contributions from self-efficacy and social norm for faithfulness. Thus, balanced and comprehensive HIV interventions focusing on attitudes, self-efficacy and social norms pertaining to faithfulness, sexual  abstinence and condom use are needed to halt the spread of HIV among low-literate males in rural Amhara.

Keywords: attitudes, behaviour, East Africa, HIV prevention, men, psychosocial aspects, self-efficacy, social cognition, socio-cultural aspects

African Journal of AIDS Research 2011, 10(2): 123–127

Author Biographies

Gebeyehu W Bogale
University of Twente, Department of Psychology and Communication of Health and Risk, PO Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands; Educational Media Agency, PO Box 3025, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Henk Boer
University of Twente, Department of Psychology and Communication of Health and Risk, PO Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands
Erwin Seydel
University of Twente, Department of Psychology and Communication of Health and Risk, PO Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands
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Articles

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eISSN: 1608-5906
print ISSN: 1727-9445