An exploratory study of HIV-prevention advocacy by persons in HIV care in Uganda

  • Christopher Tumwine
  • Annet Nannungi
  • Eric Ssegujja
  • Nicolate Nekesa
  • Sarah Ssali
  • Lynn Atuyambe
  • Gery Ryan
  • Glenn Wagner

Abstract

To explore how people living with HIV (PLHIV) and in care encourage others to adopt HIV-protective behaviours, we conducted in-depth interviews with a  purposive sample of 40 HIV clinic patients in Kampala, Uganda. Content analysis  was used to examine the message content, trigger events, and outcomes of HIV-prevention advocacy events initiated by the HIV clients with members of  their social networks. The content themes included encouraging specific behaviours, such as HIV testing and treatment, condom use and non-promiscuity,  as well as more general cautionary messages about protecting oneself from HIV infection. Common triggers for bringing up HIV-prevention advocacy information in a discussion or conversation included: wanting to prevent the targeted person  from ‘falling into the same problems,’ wanting to benefit oneself with regard to  avoiding re-infection, out of concern that the target would engage in higher-risk behaviour, due to observed changes in the target’s health, and to convey information after receiving treatment at the clinic. The participants mostly reported positive or neutral responses to these advocacy events; negative  responses were rare. Interventions to empower PLHIV to be agents of change could represent a new  frontier for HIV prevention.

Keywords: Africa, communication, disclosure, qualitative research, risk behaviour, sexual behaviour, social networks

African Journal of AIDS Research 2011, 10(4): 427–433

Author Biographies

Christopher Tumwine
Makerere University, Infectious Diseases Institute, PO Box 22418, Kampala, Uganda
Annet Nannungi
Makerere University, Infectious Diseases Institute, PO Box 22418, Kampala, Uganda
Eric Ssegujja
Makerere University, Infectious Diseases Institute, PO Box 22418, Kampala, Uganda
Nicolate Nekesa
Makerere University, Infectious Diseases Institute, PO Box 22418, Kampala, Uganda
Sarah Ssali
Makerere University, Infectious Diseases Institute, PO Box 22418, Kampala, Uganda
Lynn Atuyambe
Makerere University, Infectious Diseases Institute, PO Box 22418, Kampala, Uganda
Gery Ryan
The RAND Corporation, 1776 Main Street, Santa Monica, California 90407, United States
Glenn Wagner
The RAND Corporation, 1776 Main Street, Santa Monica, California 90407, United States
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1608-5906
print ISSN: 1727-9445