Physico-chemical and Water Quality Index analysis of the Okhuaihe River, Edo State, Nigeria
The water quality of the Okhuaihe River, Edo State, Nigeria was investigated from February to June 2016 to determine its suitability for drinking and other domestic purposes. Water samples collected from three stations were tested for fifteen physico-chemical parameters using standard analytical procedures. Biochemical oxygen demand and sodium were significantly different across the three stations. Except for calcium and iron, all other parameters were within the permissible limits recommended by the Nigerian Standard for Drinking Water Quality (NSDWQ) and World Health Organization (WHO). Water Quality Index (WQI) values ranged from 9.17 to 10.40, indicating excellent water quality. Although the quality of the water from the Okhuaihe River is suitable for drinking and domestic usage, regular monitoring of human activities along the water front and control of effluents discharged into the river is recommended to sustain and improve water quality.
Keywords: drinking water, effluent, human activities, permissible limits, pollution, water quality