Differentiated gonochorism in Nile perch Lates niloticus from Lake Victoria, Uganda

  • RK Basiita
  • C Aruho
  • D Kahwa
  • E Nyatia
  • FW Bugenyi
  • J Rutaisire

Abstract

Gonadal development and structure were examined in 317 Nile perch, Lates niloticus, of 4 to 157 cm SL taken from Lake Victoria, Uganda, in 2005–2006. Macroscopic and histological investigation showed a differentiated gonochoristic pattern, with no juvenile intersexuality. Oogonial cells (9.8 ± 3.0 μm) developed through six distinct stages: chromatin nucleolar oocyte (16.2 ± 3.3 μm), perinucleolar oocyte (33.8 ± 12.1 μm), late perinucleolar oocyte (74.8 ± 16.5 μm), cortical alveolar oocyte (122.6 ± 38.8 μm), secondary oocyte (260.9 ± 61.2 μm) and tertiary oocyte (475.5 ± 70.7 μm). L. niloticus was found to be an asynchronous spawner. The collection of female brood fish for induced spawning should aim at fish with an oocyte size of 475.5 ± 70.7 μm. Four main developmental stages were identified in the testis: spermatogonia (A and B), primary and secondary spermatocytes, spermatids and spermatozoa. Testicular structure conformed to the lobular and cystic type. Copious amounts of sperm were exuded from ripe males when slight pressure was applied on the belly. Milt could therefore be obtained by stripping.

Keywords: gonadal development, Latidae, oogenesis, spermatogenesis

African Journal of Aquatic Science 2011, 36(1): 89–96

Author Biographies

RK Basiita
National Fisheries Resources Research Institute, Kajjansi, PO Box 530, Kampala, Uganda
C Aruho
National Fisheries Resources Research Institute, Kajjansi, PO Box 530, Kampala, Uganda
D Kahwa
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Makerere University, PO Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda
E Nyatia
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Makerere University, PO Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda
FW Bugenyi
Department of Zoology, Makerere University, PO Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda
J Rutaisire
National Fisheries Resources Research Institute, Kajjansi, PO Box 530, Kampala, Uganda
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Articles

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eISSN: 1727-9364
print ISSN: 1608-5914