Biochemical composition and nutritional value of Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Del fruit pulps from Northern Ferlo in Senegal

  • Moustapha Bassimbé Sagna
  • Aly Diallo
  • Papa Saliou Sarr
  • Ousmane Ndiaye
  • Deborah Goffner
  • Aliou Guisse

Abstract

Balanites aegyptiaca, a forest species of socio-economic interest for rural people, was chosen to be planted in the frame-work of the Great Green Wall project in Senegal. Although in vastly demand during food scarcity period before crops harvest, the species’ fruit is poorly valued despite its important production. In this study, the fruit pulps were harvested at maturity and the biochemical characteristics were accessed in order to better understand the fruit’s nutritional value. The moisture, sugars, proteins, amino acids, ash, fat, minerals and some vitamins were determined by standard methods of analysis. The results indicated that the fruits are a good alimentary source of sugar, minerals (mainly potassium) and ascorbic acid. The pulp proteins were qualitatively balanced, but were present only in weak quantities. Its caloric value is high due to the high concentration of sugars. Low humidity should allow a fairly good postharvest fruit conservation. The dietary intake of this fruit for local people is very valuable especially in terms of nutrition.

Keywords: Balanites aegyptiaca, pulp, biochemical, nutritional value

African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 13(2), pp. 336-342, 8 January, 2014

Author Biographies

Moustapha Bassimbé Sagna
Département de Biologie Végétale, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université Cheikh Anta Diop, BP 5005, Dakar-Sénégal
Aly Diallo
Département de Biologie Végétale, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université Cheikh Anta Diop, BP 5005, Dakar-Sénégal
Papa Saliou Sarr
Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto University, 46 Shimoadachi-cho, Sakyo-ku, Yoshida 606-8501, Kyoto-Japan
Ousmane Ndiaye
Département de Biologie Végétale, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université Cheikh Anta Diop, BP 5005, Dakar-Sénégal
Deborah Goffner
Observatoire Homme Milieu de Tessékéré, Ferlo-Senegal; Unité Mixte Internationale 3189 « Environnement, Santé, Société », CNRS, France
Aliou Guisse
Département de Biologie Végétale, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université Cheikh Anta Diop, BP 5005, Dakar-Sénégal; Observatoire Homme Milieu de Tessékéré, Ferlo-Senegal
Published
2015-05-18
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 1684-5315