Carotenoids from Phaffia rhodozyma: Antioxidant activity and stability of extracts
The main goal of this work was to establish the stability and antioxidant activity of the extracts obtained through different techniques for recovering carotenoids from Phaffia rhodozyma NRRL-Y 17268. The best conditions for extracting carotenoids through cell rupture with dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) were found to be a particle size of 0.125 mm submitted to freezing temperature (-18°C) for 48 h (272 μg/g). For DMSO extracts, freezing negatively affected the antioxidant activity by 2,2 '-azinobis (3-ethyl benzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid)) and DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) methods. The carotenogenic extracts obtained by enzymatic disruption proved to be more promising in relation to its antioxidant activity.
Key words: Microbial carotenoids, antioxidant properties, cell wall disruption.