Therapeutic role of glucogalactan polysaccharide extracted from Agaricus bisporus on trimethyltin chloride induced neuropathy in rats

  • AI Hassan
  • MAM Ghoneim
  • RYM Ibrahim
Keywords: Trimethyltin, neuro-degeneration, Agaricusbisporus, glucogalactan

Abstract

Trimethyltin (TMT) chloride induces limbic system neuro-degeneration, resulting in behavioral alterations like cognitive deficits. This study investigates the effect of glucogalactan polysaccharide (GA) extract, which was purified from the roots of Agaricus bisporus mushroom, on trimethyltin chloride (TMT) induced neuropathy in rats. Adult male rats (200 ±10 g) were divided into four groups that were fed with basal diet throughout the experiment (28 days). The first group (G I) was control group, the second group (GII) was treated with 300 mg/kg BW GA intraperitoneally (i.p.) daily for 28 day. The third group (GIII) was administered i.p. with 8.0 mg TMT /kg body weight (BW), and the fourth (G IV) was treated like the third group and was injected with GA 300 mg/kg BW daily for 28 day after 48 h of TMT. Many bioactive compounds, which were found in GA did not cause any changes in the second group compared to normal control group. The results reveal that GA given 48 h after TMT treatment has excellent neuropathy effect, lowers the average of MDA, HSP70, homocystein and the neurotransmitters in brain tissue homogenate; they were markedly reduced by the administration of GA to almost normal levels. Neurotransmitters and nitric oxide were significantly increased in the group given GA treatment compared to TMT group. The comet assay for DNA revealed that, TMT induced statistically significant (P<0.05) increase in the mean value of the tail length and tail moment of the rats. They significantly decreased after GA treatment, suggesting alleviated oxidative stress mediated by TMT. GA administered TMT-treated rats had improved brain histology, diminished level of MDA and nitric oxide (NO) in brain tissue and enhanced total antioxidant capacity in serum compared to TMT group. It could be concluded that GA plays a positive role in the improvement of brain function after TMT-induced neuropathy. Taken together, our results suggest that GA will be useful in developing strategies for protecting nervous system and improving the brain.

Keywords: Trimethyltin, neuro-degeneration, Agaricusbisporus, glucogalactan.

Published
2015-08-04
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 1684-5315