Studies on seed yield potential of some selected kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) genotypes
AbstractKenaf seed yield depends on morpho-physiological traits between varieties, and the interaction between genotype and the environment. Studies were conducted in Ibadan, Ilora and Kisi stations of the Institute of Agricultural Research and Training (IAR&T), Obafemi Awolowo University, Moor Plantation, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria during 2009 and 2010 cropping seasons to determine the influence of location and genotypes on seed yield potentials in 20 kenaf genotypes. The experiment was carried out using Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD). Result shows that, kenaf plants had tallest average capsule height in Ilora in both years, while higher numbers of capsule/plant and seed number/capsule were recorded in Kishi. There were no significant differences among all the genotypes planted irrespective of the location on seed weight/plant, 100 seed weight and seed yield/ha. Average highest capsule height was recorded in 2009 across genotypes. However, average number of capsule/plant, seed number/capsule, seed weight/plant and seed yield/ha were higher in 2010. Local kenaf had highest number of capsules (55.04) with about the least seeds per capsule (9.45) and least weight of seed per plant (3.30 g). While BS-1 had the least capsule number (18.86) and highest seeds per capsule (15.74) was recorded in SF-549. AU-75 recorded the highest seed weight/plant. The 100 seed weight ranged from 3.37 to 2.19 g. Seed yield/ha across genotypes ranged from 660 kg/ha in Local line 36 to 1454.3 kg/ha in AU-75.
Keywords: Kenaf, capsule height, capsule number, seed number, seed weight/capsule, 100 seed weight and seed yield/ha.
African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol 13(24) 2420-2424