In this paper the preparation of chitosan nanoparticles was carried out using methacrylic acid (MAA) and studied by both ultraviolet (UV)- visible transmission spectrophotometry and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Nanoparticles with sizes as small as 17 to 25 nm were achieved. The obtained nanoparticles had a homogeneous morphology showing a quite uniform particles size distribution with a spherical shape. The solution was pH-sensitive, due to swelling and aggregation of the nanoparticles. The use of slow release fertilizer has become a new trend to save fertilizer consumption and to reduce environmental pollution. In this work, chitosan (CS) nanoparticles were obtained for the loading of NPK fertilizers. The stability of the CS-PMAA colloidal suspension was higher with the addition of nitrogen and potassium than with the addition of phosphorus, due to the higher anion charge from the calcium phosphate than the anion charges from the potassium chloride and urea. The mean diameter increase of the CS-PMAA nanoparticles in suspension with the addition of different compounds was P > K > N which indicates that the elements are being aggregated and loaded on the surface of the chitosan nanoparticles.
Keywords: Nanoparticles formation, chitosan, fertilizers, nanosolution.
African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol 13(31) 3158-3164