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African Journal of Biotechnology

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Antiproliferative and antibacterial activity evaluation of red microalgae Rhodosorus marinus

A Garcia-Galaz, LE Gutierrez-Millan, MA Valdez, E Acedo-Felix, A Burgos-Hernandez, MA Lopez-Torres, MGB Zazueta

Abstract


Antiproliferative activity of three extracts obtained from red microalgae Rhodosorus marinus was evaluated against cervical (HeLa), colon (HCT 116), lung (A549), prostate (22Rv-1) and breast (HCC38 and MDA-MB-231) cancer cell lines. Antibacterial activity of these extracts was also tested against Salmonella choleraesuis, Listeria monocytogenes and Staphylococcus aureus. All extracts were obtained from lyophilized biomass of red microalgae. Extract A was obtained using 40% ammonium sulfate precipitation and gel filtration chromatography with G-25 sephadex. Extract B was subjected to a similar process, but 60% ammonium sulfate precipitation was used. Extract C was obtained by methanol extraction and hydrophobicity chromatography using amberlite XAD-2. Protein concentration was determined in two extracts and total phenols in one extract, using Bradford and Folin techniques. Antiproliferative activity was evaluated at extract concentrations ranging from 0.125 to 1 mg/ml, using the spectrophotometric technique MTT (3 - (4,5 - dimetiltiazolyl - 2) - 2,5 - diphenyltetrazolium bromide). The antibacterial activity was evaluated by the impregnated disk test. Extract C showed antiproliferative activity against almost all cancer cell lines with an IC50 of 0.5 (HCT 116), 0.8 (HeLa), 0.9 (MDA-MB-231), 0.1 (HCC38), and 0.4 (22Rv-1) mg/ml, whereas none of the tested extracts showed antibacterial activity under experimental conditions.

Keywords: Rhodosorus marinus, red microalgae, antibacterial activity, antiproliferative activity, methanolic extract. 

African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol 13(43) 4169-4175



http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/AJB2014.13943
AJOL African Journals Online