Karyotype evolution and species differentiation in the genus Rattus of Manipur, India

  • D Chingangbam
  • JM Laishram
  • NB Singh
  • L Taibangjam
  • C Brajakishore

Abstract

Rattus is the most studied genus all over the world but species of the genus are not thoroughly reported from Manipur. The present paper deals with the morphometric, cytotaxonomic and phylogenetic studies of Manipur, India. The different species of Rattus namely Rattus rattus, Rattus brunneusculus, Rattus tanezumi and Rattus nitidus were studied. Berylmys manipulus and Berylmys mackenziei were taken from the genus Berylmys. The studies of the species reveal that the polymorphic chromosomes in the genus Rattus were pair numbers that is, 1, 9, 10 and 13. The change of acrocentrics which are regarded as primitive/ancestral types of chromosomes into either subtelocentric or small metacentrics leads to speciation or simply new species particularly in Manipur. It is generally accepted cytologically that 2n=40 (Berylmys manipulus, B. mackenziei, R. kandianus etc) are derived from the 2n=42 through centric fusion/Robertsonian fusion, but the soft palate studies shows affinity of the species that is, B. manipulus  and B. mackenziei from Manipur towards Niviventer. The present study is the first step towards the understanding of the relationship between these two genera-Rattus and Berylmys.

Keywords: Rattus, Berylmys, Manipur

African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol 13(53) 4733-4744

Author Biographies

D Chingangbam
Central Agricultural University Imphal, Manipur 795004, India
JM Laishram
Central Agricultural University Imphal, Manipur 795004, India
NB Singh
Central Agricultural University Imphal, Manipur 795004, India
L Taibangjam
Manipur University, Imphal, 795003, India
C Brajakishore
Institute of Bioresources and Sustainable Development, Imphal 795001, India
Published
2015-11-17
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1684-5315