Genetic diversity of rose germplasm in Pakistan characterized by random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers

  • Saadia Azeem
  • Azeem Iqbal Khan
  • Faisal Saeed Awan
  • Atif Riaz
  • Sultan Bahadur
Keywords: Random amplified polymorphic DNA, polymorphism, rose germplasm, primer


Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers have been found to be very useful in studying the genetic variability of different species, including Rosa. Present studies were undertaken for the identification and  analysis of genetic variation within a collection of 4 species and 30 accessions of rose using RAPD analysis  technique. The results showed the molecular distinctions among the genotypes when analysed using 25 RAPD primers. Total amplified bands were 146, out of which 110 were polymorphic, with an average of seven bands per primer. Maximum number of bands (10) was produced by primer GLD-20, while GLC-02 produced the  minimum number of bands (2). Maximum polymorphism in the present study was obtained by primer GLA-03, GLA-05, GLA-07, GLA-10, GLC-02, GLC-06, GLC-08, GLC-10, OPG-11 and OPE-19 which produced 100%  polymorphic bands, while primer GLB-11 produced only 42.85% polymorphic bands. This study demonstrated the potential of RAPD technique for the characterization of genetic variation within the rose germplasm.

Key words: Random amplified polymorphic DNA, polymorphism, rose germplasm, primer.


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eISSN: 1684-5315