In vitro culture method of powdery mildew (Oidium heveae Steinmann) of Hevea brasiliensis
A method for culturing powdery mildew (Oidium heveae) from isolated leaves of Hevea brasiliensis was evaluated, which included three steps: Leaves and fungi selection, nutrient solution and culture dish preparation, fungi inoculation and culture. The culture time and produced conidia number were considered as decision index. We tested the influence of micro components of nutrient solution including 6-benzylaminopurine (6-BA), salicylic acid (SA) and vitamin C (VC) and evaluated the culture difference of various leaf phenological phases and rubber tree clones. The results show that the longest culture time of isolated leaves emerged on modified Murashige and Skoog (MS) macro elements with 4 mg/L 6-BA, 20 mg/L SA, 1 mg/L VC. The colour phase leaf was the preferable choice for culturing average 15 to 16 days and producing 3.2222 × 106 mL-1 conidia. The culture effects of using various rubber clones were different and higher resistance clones cultured less conidia. The method leading to mass production of powdery mildew was simple using a climate incubator to resolve problems linked to season and space limitation and preservation of powdery mildew. This method could improve rubber resistance breeding process.
Key words: Hevea brasiliensis, Oidium heveae, in vitro culture, nutrient solution, phenological phase.