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African Journal of Biotechnology

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Xanthan gum production by Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris 8004 using cassava starch as carbon source

Qunliang Li, Wei Yan, Kedi Yang, Yanxuan Wen, Ji-liang Tang

Abstract


Cassava starch is a main renewable bio-resource with low price and mass production in Guangxi, China. It was used as carbon source in growing Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris 8004 (Xcc 8004) for xanthan gum production in this study. The xanthan gum yield of gelatinized cassava starch was higher than that of raw cassava starch; the maximal reducing sugar and amylase activity reached 14.30 g/L and 1.19U/ml, respectively. The maximal xanthan gum yield of 16.95 g/L was achieved with 30 g/L cassava starch as carbon source. The concentration of residual sugar was 6.82 g/L at the end of fermentation, and the conversion efficiency of sugar reached 73.12%. Thus, Xcc 8004 should be used as a competitive strain for xanthan gum production using cassava starch in industrial applications.

Keywords: Xanthan gum, cassava starch, Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris 8004, amylase activity




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