Anti-viral activity of Hydnellum concrescens, a medicinal mushroom

  • Doseung Lee
  • Kyung Hwan Boo
  • Jin-Man Lee
  • Cao Dang Viet
  • Nguyen Quyen
  • Tatsuya Unno
  • Moonjae Cho
  • Key Zung Riu
  • Dong-Sun Lee
Keywords: á-Glucosidase inhibitor, Hydnellum concrescens, trafficking inhibitor.


Trafficking of viral glycoprotein to the surface of infected-cells results in syncytium formation in Newcastle disease virus (NDV)-infected baby hamster kidney (BHK) cells. Hydnellum concrescens, known as a medicinal mushroom, inhibited not only syncytium formation, but also trafficking of glycoprotein, hemagglutinin-neuramidase (HN) to the cell-surface. Viral glycoprotein is processed within the endoplasmic reticulum during routing into surface. Fungal extracts showed inhibitory activities (IC50 15µg/ml) against α-glucosidase. This suggested that H. concrescens extracts inhibited the cell-surface expression of NDV-HN glycoprotein without significantly affecting HN glycoprotein synthesis in NDV-infected BHK cells.

Key words: α-Glucosidase inhibitor, Hydnellum concrescens, trafficking inhibitor.


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eISSN: 1684-5315