African Journal of Biotechnology

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Evaluation of rice genotypes for brown planthopper (BPH) resistance using molecular markers and phenotypic methods

A Sai Harini, S Sai Kumar, Padma Balaravi, Richa Sharma, M Ayyappa Dass, Vinay Shenoy


Twenty eight (28) rice genotypes were used to evaluate the genetic variability based on known BPH resistant loci spread through most of the genome (chromosomes 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 11 and 12), using closely linked simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers and by different phenotypic screening methods. A total number of 155 alleles were detected by 30 polymorphic markers with an average of 4.6 per locus. The genetic diversity, polymorphic information content (PIC) ranged from 0.15 to 0.89 and 0.13 to 0.88, respectively and the allele frequency ranged from 0.21 to 0.89. These microsatellite markers linked to BPH resistance loci classified rice genotypes into three clusters with additional sub groups and sub sub groups. Our study reveals high genetic variation and clear genotypic relationship for BPH resistance based on BPH resistance linked markers and known phenotypic screening methods such as standard seedbox screening technique, honey dew test and nymphal survival method. Phenotypic evaluation showed clear distinction between resistant and susceptible type by clearly revealing moderately resistant types as well. Combined use of phenotypic and genotypic evaluation methods can improve the efficiency of marker assisted selection and utilization of resistant genotypes for crop improvement by rice breeders.

Keywords: Nilaparvata Lugens, microsatellite markers, polymorphism, genetic diversity

African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 12(19), pp. 2515-2525

AJOL African Journals Online