Antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the plant Heliotropium strigosum

  • Sajid Hussain
  • Muhammad Jamil
  • Farhat Ullah
  • Arifullah Khan
  • Farman Ullah
  • Muhammad Arfan
  • Shabir Ahmad
  • Lubna Khatoon
Keywords: Heliotropium strigosum, antibacterial, antifungal, antioxidant.


Heliotropium strigosum is an important medicinal plant and belongs to the Boraginaceae family. Traditionally, this plant is used as laxative and diuretic. The juice of the plant is used to treat gum boils, sore eyes and also as a cure for stings of nettles, insects and snake bites. The current study was carried out to evaluate the  medicinal properties of this plant. The plant was collected from Malakand, Pakistan. It was dried in shade and  crushed into powder. The shade dried plant powder was macerated for 15 days. A crude extract and ethyl  acetate, n-hexane, chloroform and aqueous fractions were obtained. The crude extract and fractions were  screened for antibacterial, antifungal and antioxidant properties. The plant showed excellent antimicrobial  activity. Chloroform and n-hexane fractions inhibited the growth of all four fungal strains that were used in the  antifungal assays. Crude extract showed antifungal activity against all fungal strains except Aspergillus flavus. The aqueous and ethyl acetate fractions had no antifungal activity. The plant exhibited excellent antibacterial activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus epidermidis, moderate activity against  methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Bacillus subtillus but was inactive against   Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumonia. The plant showed excellent diphenyl picryl hydrazine (DPPH)  scavenging activity. Antioxidant activity was shown by ethyl acetate, n-hexane and aqueous fractions. Crude extract and chloroform fractions were lacking in DPPH scavenging activity.

Key words: Heliotropium strigosum, antibacterial, antifungal, antioxidant.


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eISSN: 1684-5315