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African Journal of Biotechnology

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Association of GSTP1 gene polymorphisms with performance traits in Deoni cattle

TVLN Rao, KP Ramesha, A Barani, SS Chauhan, M Basavaraju

Abstract


Heat stress directly and indirectly stimulate excessive intra/inter cellular toxicants such as malondialdehyde (MDA) and reactive oxygen species (ROS). Glutathione S-transferase Pi (GSTP1) plays the central role in the detoxification of ROS. In this investigation, we studied the genetic variation in GSTP1 gene using polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) technique in 70 Deoni breed cows. All the seven exons of GSTP1 gene were amplified by PCR using a total of six sets of primers. The genetic variants were determined by PCR-SSCP technique. Two unique SSCP patterns were observed in fragment 1, 3, 5 and 6 of GSTP1 gene. Sequence analysis with reference to GenBank Acc. no AC_000186.1 revealed polymorphisms at position 210, 746, 2438, 2439, 2443, 2507, 2695 and insertions between positions 707 and 708, 2700-2701 and 2775-2776. All the observed variations in coding regions were silent mutations. The cows with SSCP pattern B of fragment-5 had higher age at first calving while the cows with pattern A had higher lactation length and lactation yield as compared to pattern B (P≤0.05). The animals with pattern A of fragment 6 in GSTP1 gene had higher lactation length and lactation yield as compared to animals with pattern B. There was no significant difference in enzyme activity and calving interval in cows with different patterns in different SSCP fragments.

Keywords: Deoni, GSTP1, polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP), single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), heat stress

African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 12(24), pp. 3768-3773



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