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African Journal of Biotechnology

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Glyoxalase I expression pattern in Hevea brasiliensis seedlings under varied stress conditions

MVP Siraj, A Thulaseedharan, Anu Augustine

Abstract


Drought is one of the most important stress factors which adversely affect plants’ growth and productivity. Global climate change may make this situation more serious in the years ahead. Considering the long time span required for the generation of drought resistant genotypes in Rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) through conventional breeding, molecular interventions to engineer plants to have either drought responsive genes or genes expected to alter osmotic regulation would be very attractive. The glyoxalase pathway involving glyoxalase I and glyoxalase II enzymes is required for glutathionebased detoxification of methylglyoxal. In this study the effects of various abiotic stresses on the upregulation of methylglyoxal levels and glyoxalase I activities in Hevea brasiliensis seedlings were investigated. Most of the stresses caused significant increase in methylglyoxal level and glyoxalase I activity, among which drought caused the highest induction of glx I followed by salinity, 2, 4-D, ABA, methylglyoxal, white light and CdCl2. The stress-induced increases in methylglyoxal and glyoxalase I activity found in the present study suggest an important role of glyoxalase I in conferring drought tolerance. The up-regulation of glyoxalase I under drought stress indicates its future utility in developing tolerance to drought stress in Hevea brasiliensis. In the present study, a partial cDNA sequence coding for glyoxalase I was amplified by PCR using specific primers. The 440 bp cDNA amplicon obtained was sequenced and subjected to online BLAST analysis. The sequence of Hevea brasiliensis glyoxalase I (GenBank Acc. No: GU598520) had six open reading frames. The ORF finder revealed the longest ORF of 336 bp. Glyoxalase I from Ricinus communis had the highest nucleotide sequence homology (90%) compared to the amplified gene. BLASTP analysis also showed high homology between the deduced protein sequence of the amplified gene and glyoxalases from other species. Our results suggest that the multi-stress inducibility of glyoxalase I in the present study may be due to the fact that it might protect the plants against MG that is formed under various stresses including drought and confers tolerance by increasing the GSH-based detoxification system and decreasing lipid peroxidation

Keywords: Glyoxalase I, Hevea brasiliensis, Methylglyoxal, drought tolerance, abiotic stress




http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/AJB2014.14307
AJOL African Journals Online