A triglyceride from Lupinus albus L. seed with biostimulatory properties

  • Elmarie van der Watt
  • Johan C Pretorius

Abstract

In vitro and in vivo bio-stimulatory activity of a Lupinus albus cv. Bethuana white Seed Suspension (SS) was previously documented using vegetable crops. This was repeated for two grain crops, maize and wheat, in an attempt to provide a rationale for the isolation and identification of the active compound(s) involved. In all cases, besides negative controls, the response to treatment with SS was compared to that of a commercial bio-stimulant, ComCat®. At an optimum concentration of 5 mg ℓ-1 SS significantly enhanced seedling growth and yield in both crops.  Subsequently, activity directed liquid-liquid extraction of ground L. albus seed resulted in an ethyl acetate extract containing most of the biostimulatory activity. Two in vitro bio-assay procedures were employed to appraise the in vitro biostimulatory properties of semi-purified fractions as well as pure compounds contained in it. The highly active ethyl acetate extract was fractionated further by means of adsorption column chromatography resulting in eighty five fractions that were combined into twelve on the basis of similarities in thin layer chromatography profiles. Four of these fractions showed significant bio-stimulatory activity and were pooled. From this one compound was isolated, purified and identified as glyceryl trilinoleate by means of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

Keywords: Lupinus albus, seed suspension, field trials, yield, NMR spectroscopy, glyceryl trilinoleate

African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 12(35), pp. 5431-5443

Author Biographies

Elmarie van der Watt
Department of Soil, Crop and Climate Sciences, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Science, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein 9300, South Africa
Johan C Pretorius
Department of Soil, Crop and Climate Sciences, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Science, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein 9300, South Africa
Published
2016-05-11
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1684-5315