Effect of different levels of supplemental yeast on performance indices, serum enzymes and electrolytes of broiler chickens

  • Tagang Aluwong
  • Fatima B Hassan
  • Moshood A Raji
  • Mohamed U Kawu
  • Tavershima Dzenda
  • Joseph O Ayo

Abstract

The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of supplemental probiotic preparation on performance indices, serum enzymes and electrolytes of broiler chickens. Two hundred (200) day-old Marshall broiler chicks were randomly selected and distributed based on the level of supplementation into four groups of 50 chicks each (Control, C; E10.5%, E21.5% and E32.0%). Chickens fed 2.0% probiotic had a significantly higher body weight when compared with the control group. Activity of alanine aminotransferase differed significantly in the group E10.5%, and especially (p<0.01) in the group E11.5%. Alkaline phosphatase activity decreased significantly (p<0.05), when compared with that of the control group. Serum calcium and phosphorus concentrations in experimental groups were significantly higher. Potassium concentration in experimental group rose significantly (p<0.05), when compared with that of the control broiler chickens. In conclusion, supplementing broiler feeds with 2.0% yeast probiotic improved performance indices, serum enzyme activities and enhanced the maintenance of electrolyte homeostasis in broiler chickens.

Keywords: Body weight, feed conversion ratio, serum biochemistry, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, broiler chicken.

African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 12(35), pp. 5480-5485

Author Biographies

Tagang Aluwong
Department of Veterinary Physiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Fatima B Hassan
College of Agriculture and Animal Health, Mando-Kaduna, Nigeria.
Moshood A Raji
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.
Mohamed U Kawu
Department of Veterinary Physiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Tavershima Dzenda
Department of Veterinary Physiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Joseph O Ayo
Department of Veterinary Physiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Published
2016-05-11
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1684-5315