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African Journal of Biotechnology

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Chemical constituents of the essential oil from Syzygium cordatum (Myrtaceae)

Raju K. Chalannavar, Himansu Baijnath, Bharti Odhav

Abstract


Essential oil was extracted from dried leaves of Syzygium cordatum by hydrodistillation. The components were identified by gas chromatography (GC/FID) and gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Sixty compounds representing 79% of the S. cordatum oil were identified. The main constituents were 6,10,14-trimethylpentadecane-2-one (14.4%), 2,3-butanediol diacetate (13.3%), n-hexadeconic acid (7.2%), ethane, 2-chloro-1,-bis(2 chloroethoxy) (6.2%), Isopentyloxyethyl acetate (5.03%), methane and bis (2-chloroethoxy) (3.8%).

Keywords: Syzygium cordatum, essential oil composition, 6,10,14-trimethylpentadecane-2-one, 2, 3-butanediol diacetate




http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/AJB10.1932
AJOL African Journals Online