Inhibition of growth and mycotoxins formation in moulds by marine algae Cystoseira tamariscifolia

  • Zineb Souhaili Biochemistry laboratory, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University Hassan II Ain Achok. Casablanca Morocco
  • Mohamed Lagzouli Biochemistry laboratory, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University Hassan II Ain Achok. Casablanca Morocco
  • Mohamed Faid Hassan II Institute of Agronomy and Veterinary Medicine department of Food engineering and Technology, PO Box 6202 Rabat-Institute, Morocco
  • Khadija Fellat-Zerrouck Biochemistry laboratory, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University Hassan II Ain Achok. Casablanca Morocco
Keywords: Algae, antimicrobial, minimal inhibitory concentration, moulds

Abstract

Different extracts from marine algae (Cystoseira tamaricifolia) were tested for their antimicrobial activities. These extracts were examined for their activities on growth of moulds and yeasts and mycotoxines formation by moulds. The Minimal Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) was determined in every case in terms of dilutions. A total inhibition (100%) was obtained with the ethanolic crude extract on all the fungal species at the concentration of 10%. The aqueous extract showed an activity only on some strains used while no activity was observed on yeasts and moulds for both methanolic and aqueous extract. The other extracts (chloroform, hexane and methanol) had no activity on the microbial growth. Mycotoxins formation in Aspergillus flavus was inhibited by the ethanolic extracts at the concentration of 5%.

Key Words: Algae, antimicrobial, minimal inhibitory concentration, moulds.

African Journal of Biotechnology Vol.3(1) 2004: 71-75

Author Biography

Mohamed Faid, Hassan II Institute of Agronomy and Veterinary Medicine department of Food engineering and Technology, PO Box 6202 Rabat-Institute, Morocco
Tel: (212 37) 77.17.58/59, Fax: (212 37) 77.81.35.
Published
2004-06-29
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1684-5315